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PUIAR p O AND / " \ F j Eftf TION PPf &.; : #CTO3 G Farquh ar v Graham Revised ^ &rilsir$€ 5* J --Mu i xv. Glasgow Gfaj K* 12-2 , Ji AU *f U THE GLEN COLLECTION OF SCOTTISH MUSIC Presented by Lady Dorothea Ruggles- Brise to the National Library of Scotland, in memory of her brother. Having, however, to gather his materials from a very wide field, it is not surprising that he should have frequently fallen into error. — Item, to Wantonnes that the King fechit and gert hir sing in the Quenis chamer, J . containing Scottish airs have come down to us of an earlier date than the 17th century. We may also refer, passim, to the remarkable and now very scarce work on Music, written in Latin by the blind Spanish Professor of Music at Salamanca, Francis Salinas, and published there in 1577 ; especially to a passage in that work, page 356, where he gives a specimen of singular Spanish versification, together with the music sung to it. It was first published in the Edinburgh " Literary Journal," and afterwards in the collection of " Songs by the Ettrick Shepherd," Blackwood, Edinburgh, 1831. ni EEp^l mf\ ^JV^^ £ Sweet Sir, for you r cour - tes - ie, When ^gfil Hii PP! Weep not, weep not, my bonnie, bonnie bride, Weep not, weep not, my winsome marrow ; Nor let thy heart lament to leave Pu'ing the birks on the braes o' Yarrow. Why does she weep, thy winsome marrow 1 And why daur ye nae mair weel be seen, Pu'ing the birks on the braes o' Yarrow ? Major Lord George Stewart Murray, Black Watch, killed in action in France in 1914. E f OPULAR ^ONGS and /\elodies GOTLAND ^ALAORAL EDITION With ]S(otes Cju'J f^evised (^Enlarged Glasgow THE POPULAR SONGS OF SCOTLAND WITH THEIR APPROPRIATE MELODIES ARRANGED BY G. David Laing and Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe — who in revising added considerably to his notes — pointed out and corrected many of his literary and historical blunders, while G. We have, therefore, no positive proof of the actual existence of any of our known airs until that time, although we have no doubt that many of them existed in a simple and rudimental state long previously. The words are " Perricos de mi senora, No me mordades agora." On this he makes the following observation — we translate : — " I have not found versification of this kind among either the Greeks or the Latins ; nor do I think it is to be found among the French or the Italians. It appears that the air to which Hogg's words, and the older words were sung, was also used as a dance-tune, under the name of " Lady Badinscoth's Reel." Charles Kirkpatriclt Sharpe, Esq., in his Note on No. :9=E=if=a=£: ei E^a ESE -=f- ^ '-'-^M^* i ■q-p- -1— F- *=fc - £-*-~^ -*— #- 3*=^ ^-J! =E — H~i P I E= = L_L ' -"-^ g brf *-^ E ^^^g^ p gs^fgj^j^iiil Cross'd she the meadow yes - treen at the gloamin' ? Lang maun she weep, lang, lang maun she weep, Lang maun she weep wi' dule and sorrow, And lang maun I nae mair weel be seen, Pu'ing the birks on the braes o' Yarrow ; For she has tint her lover, lover dear, Her lover dear, the cause o' sorrow ; And I hae slain the comeliest swain, That e'er pu'ed birks on the braes o' Yarrow. In flowery bands thou didst him fetter ; Though he was fair, and well beloved again, Than me he did not love thee better. As Sir John Gordon, his father, was knighted only by James VI., his title of course died with him, and we do not find that his son ever received any title as a reward for his services. Robert Gordon of Straloch, considering with myself my great age," &c. It was probably written about the same time as the Straloch MS., and was lately in the possession of Mr. Its contents are chiefly foreign dance-tunes, with a very few Scottish airs. 1825 ; and, " Ancient Ballads and Songs," by Thomas Lyle, 1827 INTRODUCTION. Its date is uncer- tain, but cannot be earlier than towards the close of the seventeenth century, since we find in it, " King James' march to Ireland," and " Boyne Water," both relating to events in 1690. — A number of Scottish and other tunes, in tablature, discovered by David Laing, Esq., in a volume of Notes of Sermons preached by James Guthrie, the Covenanting mini ster, who was executed in 1661, for declining the jurisdiction of the King and Council. The former was lost, but contained, with few excep- tions, only the same tunes as the later volume. The first volume, dedicated to the Duchess of Gordon, was published in 1790. The Melodies were harmonized by Urbani, with an accompaniment for the pianoforte ; the harmony filled up in notes for the right hand ; and the first four volumes have, besides, accompaniments for two violins and a viola, all printed in score, along with the voice-part. Cockburn, son of the then Lord Justice-Clerk of Scotland. p s s s - — - r r T i u iii *sm m ±= a y* s I've seen the smi - ling of For - tune be - guil - ins;, I've felt all its fa - vours, and p s ■* — ' -^ r . "The flowers or the forest." In our ftote upon the old air, we have already mentioned Miss Rutherford, the authoress of these verses. as a ^mgm$=$ ~-s ^^^pl B^^l D; =P=i tr X waly, waly, but love be bonnie A little time while it is new ; But when it's auld it waxes cauld, An' fades away like the mornin' dew. With regard to the term Irish often applied to the air, we need, perhaps, to be reminded that nearly up to the present century, all that we now term Gaelic was in Scotland itself called Irish ; further, what Bunting in his Second Collection (1S09) gives as the,true-; Irish tune, is a version of the air much more Scottish in style than any other now known. They left his army, therefore, promising to return in summer ; and of all his Lowland adherents, the old Earl of Airly and his sons alone remained. Come from the hills where your hirsels are grazing, Trumpets are sounding, war-steeds are bounding; Come from the glen of the buck and the roe : Stand to your arms, and march in good order; Come to the crag where the beacon is blazing; England shall many a day tell of the bloody fray, Come with the buckler, the lance, and the bow. " March, march, Ettrick and Teviotdale." These verses appeared for the first time in Sir Walter Scott's novel, " The Monastery," published in 1820. I was struck with one, an Isle of Skye tune, entitled Oran an Aoig ; or, The Song of Death, to the measure of which I have adapted my stanzas." In a recent work, entitled " The Romance of War, or the Highlanders in France and Bel- gium," by James Grant, Esq., late 62d Regiment, we find two very remarkable passages, one of which relates to the air Oran an Aoig. On the advance of a heavy column oj French infantry to attack La Haye Sainte, a number of the Highlanders sang the stirring verses of ' Bruce's Address to his army,' which, at such a time, had a most powerful effect on their comrades ; and long may such sentiments animate their representatives, as they are the best incentives to heroism, and to honest emulation." The following passage from the same work, relates to Colonel Cameron abovementioned, and to the air Oran an Aoig. Cameron addresses the piper : " ' Come near me, Macvurich ; I would hear the blast of the pipe once more ere I die. Wha, for Scotland's king an' law, Freedom's sword will strongly draw, Freeman stand, or freeman fa', Let him follow me ! It appears, that on 30th July 1793, Burns and his friend, Mr. ~p ' p .■* m _ f 5 * -■*&- | npa,=|= =5 ^ wee croo-house, At the rock and the reel to toil fu' drear - y ; see the day That I ha'e begg'd, and begg'd frae heav - en; I'll %=A j 1 S=E:: 01= ^ IT 33 ^=4—' ^ : N^S S m/ — j-— — a — I- 2d verse, f * ™*" -d-d——* a— i- a little slower. = == ^- a l = I may think on the day that 's gane, And sigh and sab till I grow wear - y. — "Alas, that I cam' o'er, the muir," 27; "Adieu, Dundee," 39. when presented to the Advocates' Library by Miss Skene of Hallyards, consisted of seven dis- tinct parts, which are now bound together in a volume 6J inches by 4£. on his way to Flodden, and were nearly all slain in the battle, 13. Sir William Mure was distinguished as a scholar and a poet. It contains a number of Scottish tunes, some of which have been referred to in the Notes of this work. It contained eighty-one airs with songs, and the airs were harmonized by four professional musicians, • See Graham'fl Essay on Musical Composition for remarks on the absurd imperfections of figured-basses. Each song has introductory and concluding symphonies. The second volume was entered at Stationers' Hall in 1794 ; so that the first volume was probably published in 1792, or 1793, or even earlier. The second in point of time was that which we have given above. \ i— - 1 p _ N - s p ^^— F- 1^ ^^f a-J^-^l * J 4 3=^=^ a-«^- found its de - cay : Sweet was its bless - ing, kind its ca - ress - ing, But I^Sl 933 , — i — « — « — =j- ^pp rr « *-"-•, r CJ r r H# g£j=g=J ^3^ 32 y [email protected] f^ s^s * * Stat ¥— V ■— J I now 'tis fled, 'tis fled far a - way ; I* P 3Ei - — 8H -jz ^ — *j r r I've seen the fo - rest a gy=^ -* — : •- i — © THE FLOWERS OF THE FOREST. ^g-E-HJ3 =p aj^d=^ i±at dor - ned the fore - most, With flow - ers of the fair - est, most plea sant and gay, Sae ag jt^=^ rrtr 3 ^ m ffn^n s^m^ ^^^ bon - ny was their bloom - ing, their scent the air per - f u - ming, But now they are wi • ther-ed and rn ± I've seen the morning with gold the hills adorning, And the dread tempest roaring before parting day ; I've seen Tweed's silver streams Glitt'ring in the sunny beams, Grow drunilie and dark as they roll'd on their way. She was born in 1710 or 1712; married Patrick Cockburn, Esq., of Ormiston, in 1 731 , and died at Edinburgh in 1794. wherefore should I busk s my heid, Or wherefore should I kame my hair ? ±3 fiti-ti^H-r^ ' rrf I m F* So ^ ^H e 3^ 5 -3=f "r_"S: 8ui My Crummie is a usefu' cow, An' she is come o' a gude kin' : Aft has she wet the bairns's mou', An' I am laith that she should tyne ; Get up, gudeman, it is fu' time, The sun shines in the lift sae hie ; Sloth never made a gracious end, Gae, tak your auld cloak about ye. They had paid dearly for their attach- ment to the Koyal cause, Argyle having (1640) plundered their estates, and burnt their principal mansion, the ' Bonnie house o' Airly,' situated on the river Isla, the memory of which conflagration is still preserved in Scottish song." We give the ballad as it is published in Messrs. They were evidently modelled upon an old Cavalier song, beginning, "March ! pinks of election," which we find in the first volume of James Hogg's "Jacobite Relics of Sect- land," pp. The air given by Hogg to these old verses is a bad set of " Lesley's March," not at all corre- sponding with the air in Oswald's Second Collection, p. Colonel Cameron of Fassifern, mortally wounded, is carried by some of his men and the surgeon to a house in the village of Waterloo, to die. Play the ancient Death-Song of the Skye-men ; my fore- fathers have often heard it without shrinking.' ' Oran an Aoig ? The Colonel moved his hand, and Macvurich began to screw the pipes and sound a prelude on the reeds, whose notes, even in this harsh and discordant way, caused the eyes of the Highlander to flash and glare, as it roused the fierce northern spirit in his bosom. S # s — S — v £ IP Scots, wlia hae wi' Wal-lace bled! f P&Wf WFW^ m Wf 3FP / I Pi ^3 ^ p-*— — • £E£ Wei - come to your go - ry bed, Or to vie - to 5* 2 rie! By oppression's woes an' pains, By our sons in servile chains, We will drain our dearest veins, But they shall be free. John Syme, set out on horseback from the house of Mr. fliu" my rock and my reel a - way, And dance and sing frae morn till ev - en. fci £ -A -- 1 ^ — I — :^E J eiiz^ES i -s- ■&- • — r- T 3=3 ^i- WHEN THE KING COMES OWfi E THE WATER. It was written for or by John Skene of Hall- yards (about 1635 ? It contains 115 airs ; of these 85 were published by Mr. Stenhouse, "W.— Scarcely ever quotes Playford's "Dancing Master" correctly ; his own copy so late as 1718-21 ; cannot have known the early editions, 127. Separate accompaniments, &c, for violin or flute and violoncello were added to Mr. The Editor of the present Collection lately requested Mr. 2.— The 3d and 4th Books of 50 Airs and Songs, .... See Black- wood's edition of Johnson's Musical Museum, in 1839, vol. In the 3d and 15th bars a simpler form of the melody is offered as worthy of consideration. The simplicity of the original has been spoiled by several flourishes introduced into it by tasteless and ignorant collectors. Surely if once spread among the people, so excellent a song would have been heard of in some way. " — " Thi3 song is the work of several hanas, and though some of it is very ancient, it has been so often touched and retouched, that it is not easy to show where the old ends or the new commences. They offer some variety to the singer, who must, however, repeat, before and after them, the four lines, " Ay wakin', ! ' is enlarged so as to finish on the key note, and the time changed from triple to common. Wi' monie a vow, and look'd embrace, Our parting was fu' tender ; And pledging aft to meet again, We tore ourselves asunder : But oh ! William Dauney's valuable work, "Ancient Scottish melodies," &c, 1838.— (G. G.) The excellent verses here given were published anonymously about the end of last century. It was not until after her death in 1S45 that Caroline Oliphant, Lady Nairne, was discovered to be the writer not only of this, but of many other excellent songs. What do you think he was about f He was charging the English army along with Bruce at Bannockburn. Stenhouse, the annotator of Johnson's Museum, believes that the English borrowed this air from us, and sang to it some of their old songs. Ance mair, gude be praised, round my ain heartsome ingle, AVi' the friends o' my youth I cordially mingle ; Nae forms to compel me to seem wae or glad, I may laugh when I'm merry, and sigh when I'm sad. Though lyart be my locks and grey, And eild has crook'd me doun — what matter ! — Not composed by Oswald ; early name "The house of Glammis." Rot's wife.— Gaelic name, Cog na Scalan, 139. Tak' your auld cloak about ye, 11.— An English as well as a Scottish version of this ballad ; the former found in Bishop Percy's ancient MS., and one stanza of it in Othello, but otherwise totally unknown. The blue bells of Scotland.— An English air, brought into notice by the singing of Mrs. The winter it is past, 243.— Probably altered from an Irish original. Stingo," or "The Oyle of Barley," during the Common- wealth, afterwards as " Cold and raw," from words written to it by D'Urfey. See Dean Christie's Traditional Ballad Airs, where both a major and minor form of it are given. — The air not composed by James Miller, but really English, having been originally set to the words, " Lost is my quiet for ever," 301. Adieu, Dundee 1 from Mary parted, Afton "Water, A Highland lad my love was born, Alastair Macalastair, Alas, that I cam' o'er the muir, And are ye sure the news is true? Thomson to furnish him with some information regarding the dates, &c, of the different volumes of his work. Thomson was so obliging as to write to him as follows : — " 26th October 1847. of Airs and Songs, 25 in number, entered at Stationers' Hall June 1793 2d Book of do. M'Gibbon, Oswald, and others, have much to answer for in the matter of pseudo-embellishment of our finest old airs. Yet we do not find a line of it, nor an allusion to it in the large collections of black-letter broadsides — the Roxburgh, Bagford, and others — nor yet in the Drolleries of the Restoration ; not even in D'Urfey's Pills and the numerous "Merry Musicians" and other song-books of Queen Anne and the early Georges. Most of the chorus is certainly old, and part of the second verse." The words we have adopted are part of those given by Mr. The time, however, is far better in its native wildness and simplicity : both Tytler and Kitson were of opinion that this air, from its intrinsic evidence, was one of our oldest melodies, and I see no reason to differ from them." The form which the air has assumed within the last thirty years has now taken possession of the popular ear, and we shall not try to displace it. Stenhouse gives as "the ancient air:" — ^=f±U =^=^^ U - Ln ^^^ ± i $ •• 4 w 26 SCOTTISH SONGS. fell death's untimely frost, That nipp'd my flower sae early ! Lute-Book — already noticed in this work — we find an air called "The day dawis," which differs totally from the air "Hey, tuttie taitie." The former has no Scottish characteristics, and may have been composed by some English, or French, or Italian musician attending the Scottish Court. The words were originally "I'm wearin' awa', John," but were altered, seemingly with the intention of making the song appear to be the parting address of Burns to his wife. A stanza beginning, "Sae dear's that joy was bought," (added in 1821,) has not been generally accepted as an improvement, and has been here omitted. He was engaged in the same manner on our ride home from St. Next day, (2d August 1793,) he produced mo the following Address of Bruce to his troops, and gave me a copy for Dalzell." Mr. I fancy to myself that I see my gallant countrymen coming over the hill, and down upon the plunderers of their country, the murderers of their fathers, noble revenge and just hate glowing in every vein, striding more and more eagerly as they approach the oppressive, insulting, bloodthirsty foe. :"*=^ M - r i r gp=p=£ -d •- §=* Cauld blaws the wind frae north to south, The ? S^ »'/ St fe=J r i~T i E I T TTt a #^ g ^^m -4 *~ drift is drift - ing seir - ly ; The sheep are cow'r - ing in the heugh, 1 O, (S3: m i s^t F=3 m i ft ± h^r tf Sm &L1-L \ =£3^ -9 0- Sirs ! Now up in the morn - ing's no for me, m *i — #P3 §EE± 3g! 67 $ P3: m f ^^gggggggg^p Up in the morn - ing ear - ly ; I'd ra - ther gae supper - less ^S: to my bed, Than I e f— g- ' f-f ? *=* m ft=F=£ iifes^ :£=3= -MH 8 - =^=i f rise in the morn - ing ea i^m m an &J31 a / -fr-= — J — i- v fe ^ r=t Loud roars the blast amang the woods, And tirls the branches barely ; On hill and house hear how it thuds I s The frost is nipping sairly. It would rather seem that we borrowed the air from them, and that we never had an old Scottish song adapted to it ; at least neither Allan Pvamsay nor David Herdjuiew of such a thing. Nae falsehood to dread, and nae malice to fear, But truth to delight me, and friendship to cheer ; Of a' roads to happiness ever were tried, There's nane half so sure as ane's ain fireside. I '11 dance and sing ae other day, That day the king comes owre the water. The latter printed by Allan Ramsay about 172S, nearly forty years before the Percy Reliques appeared. — Written by Burns to a Cromwellian tune, picked up by him in Ayrshire. Tannahill, Robert (1774-1810), 194, 281, 317, 319, 331, 339. Andro and his cutty gun, And ye shall walk in silk attire, Annie Laurie, An thou wert mine ain thing, . This ought to be borne in mind when charges of ignorant appropriation are brought against him. The plan of this Work was suggested to the Publishers by a perception of the want of a really cheap Collection of the best Scottish Melodies and Songs, with suitable Symphonies and Accompaniments, adapted to the Melodies ;* and with such information regarding the airs and the verses as might be interesting to the public. Dauney's work upon the Skene MS., 1838, contains curious matter regarding musical performers and teachers of music in Scotland, from 1474 to 1633. 1490.— To Martin Clareschaw, and ye toder ersche clareschaw, at ye Kingis command, . Robert Gordon of Straloch, in Aberdeenshire, was a distinguished person in his day. David Laing, in his Illus- trations to Johnson's Museum, does not give him the Sir ; though in the preface, p. We learn the following particulars of him from the Straloch papers, printed by the Spalding Club, in the first volume of their Miscellany, edited by their Secretary, John Stuart, Esq., Advocate : — Robert Gordon was the second son of Sir John Gordon of Pitlurg, and was born in 1580. Crockat, of whom we have not been able to learn anything. The reader will find their titles and dates given by Messrs. Blackwood's edition of Johnson's Museum, Edinburgh, 1839. George's Church, Edinburgh — and by some other persons not named, consists of six vols. The Adver- tisement to volume sixth is dated January 1824. In har'st at the shearin', nae youths now are jeerin', Bandsters are runkled, and lyart, or grey; At fair or at preachin', nae wooin' nae fleechin', The Flowers of the Forest are a' wede away. Burns says, 'Ramsay found the first line of this song, which had been preserved as the title of the charming air, and then composed the rest of the verses to suit that line. In December 1793, Burns wrote his comic song, "My spouse Nancy," to the tune of "My jo Janet. We can, however, prove the contrary ; for we have found in a MS. Universally esteemed for his abilities and his amiable manners and character, he had the prospect of rising there to higher honours, when the fever of the country cut him off prematurely on 28th July 1843. Three of these airs were accordingly published in 1838 in that form. If not, my love will turn despair, My passion no more tender ; I'll leave the bush aboon Traquair, To lonely wilds I'll wander. Stenhouse says : — " This charming pastoral melody is ancient. We think that the tune was probably written down at first for some musical instrument ; as its compass is too great for ordinary voices. It may also be remarked, that the accentuation of the words, as applied tc the tune, is often faulty ; but this seems to have been little heeded by our older singers, and writers of verses to music. I ha'e got deadly poison, mother, make my bed soon, For life is a burden that soon I'll lay down. s a j J 1 m r ™/ M3 =J=£ fl P i B £3= r a 1 But there is ane, a secret ane, Aboon them a' I lo'e him better; An' I'll be his, an' he'll be mine, The bonnie lad o' Gala water. tr ^f £ = Ti7t MR i -if-" 1 -p- ^ 5 be i Pi s ^ fcfc g~I # =K=P= ,-- n fcat m=*± ^=*=f 4- The Duke o' Montrose has written to Argyle To come in the morn - ing « g^=i *Ej E£ =f2= m/ -*- ■• =f :*— *■ THE BONNIE HOUSE AIKLY. She's fair and fause that causes my smart, Should auld acquaintance be forgot, . ' There are twa bonnie maidens, There cam' a young man to my daddy's door, There grows a bonnie brier bush, PAGE 322 33S INDEX TO THE SONGS AND AIES. The brisk young lad, The broom o' the Cowdenknowes, The bush aboon Traquair, The Caledonian Hunt's delight, (note,] The Campbells are comin', The cauld cauld winter's gane, luve, The Cordwainer's march, (note,) The daisy is fair, The Drummer, . The flowers of the forest, (old air,) The flowers of the forest, (modem air, The gloomy night is gath'ring fast, The gypsie laddie, The house of Glammis, (note,) .
Even his quotations from the " Orpheus Caledonius " are seldom correct; and, with regard to Playford's "Dancing Master," he cannot have seen the rare edition of 1657 which he so often quotes, for, with two or three exceptions, the airs he refers to are not included in it, though they are to be found in the enlarged edition of 171S, which he probably possessed. Stenhouse had besides a notion, not uncommon in the earlier part of the present century, that England possessed little if any true national music ; a tune therefore which was current in both countries, he contended must be of Scottish origin, and only imported into England since the "union of the crowns." This belief was to some extent fostered by the want of any collection of English airs that could be referred to ; for Kitson's is an Anthology of lyric poetry set by learned musicians, rather than a collection of national melodies, though it does contai n a small modicum of real folk-music ; and Dr. In this respect the music of Scotland is singularly at variance with a statement of Mr. S3J- 3 2± -p—r -t* tf=5=F Bfe Ep Z *— p r p ^ ^~ ^g ^ ■*. » — - (B- ^EE #=t 4t ab i die far ra - ther than gi'e him my han' ! be -— £*i£ =P=»- mf -»-=—» j Jj A J JJ A J Jj-J WHY SHOULD I, A BRISK YOUNG LASSIE. 8 Then at our in-gle-neuk 7 ilk - a day hav'rin'; 8 I'U die far rather than A' my kin are like to deave 9 me 'Bout house an' hame, an' siller an' Ian' ; Deil tak' the siller an' Ian' a' thegither ! My ain jo is young an' bonnie, An' tho' he's puir, he's aye true to me; I'll ha'e nae man but my ain dearest Johnnie, An' ne'er the auld man, altho' I should die ! Which never was intended But only for to flam thee, We have gotten the game, We'll keep the same, Put up thy dagger, Jamie.' '• 'This song,' says the author, 'was plaid and sung by a fiddler and a fool, retainers of General Ruthven, Governor of Edinburgh Castle, in scorn of the Lords and the Covenanters, for surrendering their strongholds.'" C 34 SCOTTISH SONGS. 33 EBE ETl E^^E — f2I ■ : f -^ — J a^ E5 3C=JI CT My jo Jan - et, 1^1 3=E£± p ^_! 35 Keeking in the draw-well clear, What if I should fa' in, then ? " The first strain of the air is found in the Straloch MS. ANDANTINO ) £)' " i J-P— ^ CON \ P CON ESPRESSIONE. K I J'.^l^ff T q= ^=^ «^-^ 3= 1— t- e *n ^-E^^ Saw ye my wee thing? f p M • ^ — ^i- =t ^ -# — e — e- £=j=p=2;- m a=± Her hair it is lint-white ; her skin it is milk-white ; Dark is the blue o' her mf i I :p=£= fc=J H^ 3t Z± ! It was na my wee thing, it was na my ain thing, It was na my true love ye met by the tree ; Proud is her leal heart ! It was then your Mary ; she's frae Castle-Cary ; It was then your true love I met by the tree ; Proud as her heart is, and modest her nature, Sweet were the kisses that she ga'e to me. "Bonnie Dundee" is nearly the same air as that which we have just before given from the Skene MS. book of tunes in tablature for the Lyra-viol, which belonged to the celebrated Dr. At the same time it should be borne in mind that first appearance in print or manuscript cannot always be held to determine either the age or even the nationality of a tune. As a distinctive name, therefore, this has been called the Balmoral Edition. ; with Italian and French performers upon the lute and other instruments, also singers, male and female. This he completed in 1648, with the assistance of his son, James Gordon, parson of Rothiemay. Blackwood of Edin- burgh, cont ainin g a Preface and Introduction by David Laing, Esq., and very valuable Notes and Illustrations by him and by C. Sharpe, Esq., in addition to the Notes, &c, written by the late Mr. The music and poetry were reprinted from the original plates engraved by Johnson. The second volume was pub- lished in 1792, dedicated to the Duchess of York, and contained 100 other Scottish melodies and songs; the whole of the airs harmonized by that great composer Joseph Haydn. The second volume contained twenty-five melodies, also harmonized by Haydn. The copy above printed, (by permission,) is from the translation of the Skene MS. William Dauney, Advocate, by the Editor of this work, and which appeared in Mr. The old ballad, a lament for the disastrous field of Flodden, has been lost, with the exception of a line or two, incorporated in Bliss Elliot's verses. had I but my true love taen, My bonnie love, tho' puir ; This day I wadna sae lament That I cam' o'er the muir ! In this manner most of the finest of our more modern airs have had their origin. Neil Stewart gives it under the name of " Coming thro' the broom," in his " Thirty Scots songs for a voice and harpsichord," a work probably published between 1780 179G, the copy we have seen bears a manuscript date of 1783. Stenhouse says, "This tune was greatly admired by the celebrated Dr. The Gala river rises in Mid-Lothian, and after uniting with the Heriot, runs south, and falls into the Tweed about four miles above Melrose, and a short distance below Abbotsford. It has several unvocal intervals, which have been altered in the modern version.— See " Scottish Music " in Grove's Dictionary of Music. Joyce, in his Ancient Music of Ireland (1873), gives an Irish version of this air, and adds, " I have known it. " " It's up and down the bonnie burn side, Amang the planting of Airly." They sought it up, they sought it down, They sought it late and early, And found it in the bonnie balm-tree, That shines on the bowling-green o' Airly. but she grat sairly, And led her down to yon green bank Till he plunder'd the bonnie house o' Airly. its I ha'e seven braw sons," she says, " And the youngest ne'er saw his daddie, And although I had as mony mae, I wad gi'e them a' to Charlie. m _ r— March, march, Et - trick and Tevietdale, Why, my lad9, dinna ye march forward in or - der l fc =i u- i=4=a=-i — i^s : J=J: dim ap^=£ S= f r T 8va alta ad lib. dark, In the field of proud honour, our swords in our hands, Our king and our country to save ; ! My Nannie's awa', My only jo and dearie, 0, My tocher's the jewel, . O, Mary, at thy window be, O meikle thinks my love, O mirk, mirk, is this midnight hour, . O waly, waly, up the bank, O weel may the boatie row, ^O were I able to rehearse, O wha is she that lo'es me, O wha's at the window, wha, wha? Twine weel the plaiden, The birks of Aberfeldie, The birks of Abergeldie, The blue bells of Scotland, . Besides the additions already mentioned, a four-part arrangement of a few of our airs will be found as an Appendix to the volume. The fees given to the performers and teachers are stated, and it is evident that music was held in high esteem, and in all probability was considerably cultivated by the Court. It is the far-famed " Theatrum Scotias," — a work which is still considered one of the most accurate delineations of Scotland and its islands. To each melody in Johnson's Museum, there was nothing added in harmony, except a figured-bass for the harpsichord. In this, as in the first volume, there were no symphonies ; and there was only a violin accompaniment printed along with the voice-part, and the harpsichord-part with its figured-bass. Its place has been well supplied by the two lyrics which we give in this work, adapted to the ancient and the modern versions of the air. 1 now maun dree 6 the fate o' them Wha'd sell their love for gain ; Maun tine 6 true love for dreams o' gowd, An' live an' dee alane ! Some early minstrel or musical shepherd composed the simple original air, which being picked up by the more learned musician, took the improved form it bears." We demur to Burns 's theory of musical shepherds, and improved form by more learned musicians ; but we have no reason to doubt Burns's opinion that the air of "Lord Ronald" was the original of "Lochaber." The former, however, as happens with most of our oldest Scottish melodies, consists of one strain, while the latter consists of two, thus throwing back the greater probability of antiquity upon "Lord Ronald." — (G. G.) It must not be fogotten, however, that this Scottish tradition respecting the air is confronted by an Irish one, given by Edward Bunting in his account of Irish Harpers (Collection 1840), where he says that the air was composed by Miles Reilly, a harper of Cavan, born 1635. and heard it sung, as long as I can remember." This may possibiy mean fifty years, but it should not be forgotten that many of our Scottish airs were printed in Dublin as sixpenny half-sheet songs considerably before the end of last century; not to mention that Irish reapers have been cutting our crops in Teviotdale and Tweeddale for a century and a half, and might very readily carry homo so simple and charming a melody. " But gin my good lord had been at hame, As this night he is wi' Charlie, There durst na a Campbell in a' the west Ha'e plunder'd the bonnie house o' Airly." • Treasure. :±z w -4 - -* March, march, Eskdale and Liddesdale, All the hlue bonnets are o - ver the Bor - der. __ m • Ma - ny a ban - ner spread, flut - ters a - bove your head, Ma - ny a crest that is fc£ /: -d • J — ~! m o r - =| B- S3 ££ £ MARCH, MARCH, ETTRICK AND TEVIOTDALE. While victory shines on life's last ebbing sands, Oh, who would not die with the brave ! My wife has ta'en the gee, (note,) PAGE 237 2 4 31 30S 25S 192 330 120 91 22 214 2S 26S 1S4 60 2S0 2S4 170 118 49 29 232 228 264 2S4 55 48 289 234 116 108 316 82 334 340 46 301 31S 72 358 132 308 54 31S 150 40 364 110 68 362 74 176 270 59 286 97 S3 276 58 34 257 100 312 130 207 Nid noddin', ..... Alastair Macalastair, O Charlie is my darling, O dear dear Jeanie Morrison, . The celebrated work already mentioned — the Scottish Musical Museum — contains a considerable number of English airs in each of its six volumes, while in the first half volume at least a third are not of Scottish origin ; a fact which Johnson, the publisher, thus explains in his preface. ANCIENT SCOTTISH MANUSCRIPTS CONTAINING SCOTTISH MELODIES. Supposed by the eminent antiquary, David Laing, Esq., to have been written about thirty or forty years after the commencement of the seventeenth century. A small oblong 8vo, at one time in the library of Charles Burney, Mus. ; then in that of the late James Chalmers, Esq., of London, after whose death it was sold with his other books and MSS. Laing to the Editor of this work, who had per- mission to copy it. Belongs to the Society of the Antiquaries of Scotland. We are convinced, that many such books in tablature have been lost or destroyed within the last two centuries, through carelessness, and from ignorance of their value. PRINTED COLLECTIONS OF ANCIENT AND MODERN SCOTTISH MELODIES. 9 9 Now there's a moan - in' on il - ka green loan - in% The Flowers of the Fo - rest are cres. At bughts in the mornin', nae blithe lads are seornin', Lasses are lanely, and dowie, and wae ; Nae daffin, nae gabbin, but sighin' and sabbin' ; Ilk ane lifts her leglin, and hies her away. Stenhouse makes to tunes in the Skene MS., proves that he could not translate any of these tunes in Tablature, although he writes as if he had read and understood them. Dauney's judicious remark on Allan Ramsay's song has induced the Publishers to give to the air new verses, which have been written for this work by a friend. He was the author of several other songs and poems. 181, under the title of "Johnny Faa, or the Gypsie Laddie," to the words of an old ballad beginning, " The gypsies cam' to our Lord's yett." On this Burns observes, that it is the only old song which he could ever trace as belonging to the extensive county of Ayr. under the name of " Ladie Cassilles Lilt ;" though the set there given has undergone considerable changes in the hands of modern editors, especially in the second strain. Kind Sir, for your courtesie, When ye gae to the cross, then, For the love ye bear to me, Buy me a pacing horse, then. Allan Ramsay printed them in his Tea-Table Miscellany, 1724, but they are believed to belong to the previous century. It appeared in the first volume of that work, 1787. Stenhouse, that this air was formerly known under the name of " Cow thou me the rashes green," we believe to be altogether unfounded. 39 ^fc^i — — — #■ g E^ Ma - ry's Fair - est seem - ing's maist be - guil - ing, Love, a Like yon water saftly gliding, When the winds are laid to sleep : Such my life, when I confiding, Gave to her my heart to keep ! " The air is found in tablature in the Skene MS., already referred to in this work. The late William Dauney, Esq., Advocate, who published the translation of the Skene MS., with an able Dissertation, etc., was one of the best amateur singers and violoncello players in Scotland. Dauney, and of Lord Neaves, Senator of the College of Justice, who is the author of the expressive and appropriate verses written for the old air at the request of his intimate friend the late Mr. Any one who may still take an interest in such matters, will find the song in D'Urfey'a " Pills to purge Melan» choly," vol. The ballad consists of thirty stanzas, and was first printed in Ramsay's Tea-Table Miscellany. The bonnie bush bloom'd fair in May, Its sweets I'll aye remember ; But now her frowns make it decay, It fades as in December. It appears that this gentleman was drowned in returning from France in 1732. 47 fe & £5 ME tt W^ 3 ^- ^^5 s Kor I'm wea - ry wi' the bunt and fain wad lie Bi * 3^= fc=Z£ Wliat got ye frae your sweetheart, Lord Ronald, my son ? He says, " It was intended, and mentioned in the Proposals, to have adopted a considerable variety of the most musical and sentimental of the English and Irish songs ;" as, however, this did not meet with general approval, it was abandoned after not a few plates bad been engraved for the purpose. — Till ane ersche harper, at ye Kingis command, xviij s. Translated by the Editor of this work; and the translation published, with a Dissertation, &c, by" the late William Dauney, Esq., Advocate, in one vol. It contains a number of Scottish airs, besides foreign dance-tunes. Laing says, that the collection was formed by John Skene of Hallyards, in Mid-Lothian, the second son of the eminent lawyer, Sir John Skene of Curriehill. He made extracts from it, which are now in the Library of the Faculty of Advocates, Edinburgh. The first volume was lent many years ago, and was never returned. Ora limited space prevents us from giving a complete list of these Collections. I've heard them lilt - in' f— n- EP -9 « S=S «^ J J^i & ^g^g ^^^^^^ at the ewe milk - in', Lass - es a - lilt - in' be - fore dawn of day. At e'en in the gloamin', nae swankies are roamin' 'Bout stacks wi' the lasses at bogle to play ; But ilk maid sits drearie, lamentin' her dearie, The Flowers of the Forest are a' wede away. that I cam' o'er the muir." "This air is of undoubted antiquity. only once, and very far from being "identical" with the tune in Johnson's Museum, upon which Mr. This song is said to have been founded on a romantic adventure in an old Scottish family. Pace upo' your spinning-wheel, Janet, Janet, Pace upo' your spinning-wheel, My jo Janet. Johnson, from some scruple of delicacy, omitted the last stanza. He seems to have jumped to the conclusion, that because "rashes" were mentioned in both names, therefore the airs must be identical. Like yon water wildly rushing, When the north wind stirs the sea ; Such the change, my heart now crushing- Love, adieu ! Soon after the publication of that work he went to Demerara, where he held the office of Solicitor-General. Finlay Dun and the Editor of this work to harmonize for him some of the airs from the Skene MS., to which words were to be written by two Edinburgh gentlemen. Eight of these stanzas have been selected on this occasion. The first three lines belong to an ancient ballad, now lost. Ye rural powers, who hear my strains, Why thus should Peggy grieve me ? make her partner in my pains, Then let her smiles relieve me. The bush, or clump of trees, that gave name to the tune, is said to have stood on a hill above the lawn of the Earl of Traquair's house in Peeblesshire. What got ye frae your sweetheart, Lord Ronald, my son ? Hk ^BEE S It fell on a day, And a bon-nie summer day, When the corn grew green and gfefefe^g C3 p i r T t W7 3 fc=* f£ ^g^jppg^^g e g^i * — » j : yel - low, That there fell out a great dis - pute Be - tween Ar - gyle and Air - ly. Scots wha ha'e wi' Wallace bled, Send him hame, ....
Blackwood's re-issue of Johnson's Museum; that great repository of Scottish music, for which Burns did so much, and which he predicted would make the publisher famous for all time. Stenhouse was well fitted for the work which he undertook, being a zealous antiquary, no mean musician, and indefatigable in the prosecution of his self-imposed task. Moore's remarks, allusion may be made to the irregular versification of the ancient Latin ballad-mongers — reciters and singers of Ballistea, whence our term Ballad — and even to the Latin hymns of the earlier Christian poets. 33 C=£=£3E *=» £T~f f, US-f^^ S5 s 33E fa's the mo . But her artless smile's mair sweet Than hinny or than marmalete ;' An' right or wrang, Ere it be lang, 111 bring her to a parley yet. Therefore, James Hogg's song, with the same title, has been chosen in preference for this work. f w y QTfrr Tr T £^ S=t2 Lang maun she weep, lang, lang maun she weep.